Research Interests

Evolutionary theory

I have a great interest in evolutionary theory and the philosophy of science. Apart from striving to keep my research well-grounded in these respects, I have also published purely theoretical or philosophical papers.


I use an array of morphometric methods in my work. These range from traditional metrics to landmark- and outline-based analyses. Common to all is their ability to work with both intra- and interspecific datasets from palaeontological and neontological material.

Organismal variation

Central to my work is the question of how to detect, measure, analyse and interpret patterns of morphological variation. The methods and analyses I use treat variation as continuous rather than discrete, enabling the detection of subtle evolutionary patterns.


Although I work with both palaeontological and neontological materials, a key component of my research is a paleobiological approach that uses palaeontological material to investigate biologically relevant evolutionary concepts and questions.

Plasticity-led evolution

At the core of my research and uniting my major research projects so far is the fascinating hypothesis of plasticity-led evolution. Phenotypic plasticity; the interaction between environment and organism, is a well-known and much-studied concept. Yet its role in facilitating or even directing evolution remains both intriguing and controversial.